Teaching experience matters (Kini & Podolsky, 2016). "What distinguishes the beginning from the accomplished teacher is the degree of sophistication in the application of the knowledge and skills" (Council of Chief State School Officers, 2011, p. 8). However, years of experience does not equate to being an expert. From a review of literature and a synthesis of over 500,000 studies on differences between experience and expertise in teaching, Hattie and colleagues (2003) identified five major dimensions illustrating the expertise of excellent teachers and then elaborated on 16 attributes within those. Expert teachers:
Developing leaders for the Society as well as the profession is a part of the CSI mission. The CSI officers and Academy of Leaders for Excellence are a rich source for a variety of leadership development activities. These include occasional papers, articles and workshops focused on leadership. In addition to annual leadership training at the Spring conference, CSI leaders conduct leadership training at the chapter level. These activities augment the fellowship and intern programs of the Society. Combining rebates, grants, fellowships and internships, CSI funds approximately $80,000 for these purposes in the current year.
Once formed, enemy images tend to resist change, and serve to perpetuate and intensify the conflict. Because the adversary has come to be viewed as a "diabolical enemy," the conflict is framed as a war between good and evil. Once the parties have framed the conflict in this way, their positions become more rigid. In some cases, zero-sum thinking develops as parties come to believe that they must either secure their own victory, or face defeat. New goals to punish or destroy the opponent arise, and in some cases more militant leadership comes into power.