It is through the richness of our network, our long-standing relationships and by strategically aligning individuals with opportunities that we are able to achieve prosperous outcomes. Introduction Capital is a relationship-brokering business that specializes in the alternative investment industry. It has been built with mindfulness and precision since its inception in 2004. In this capacity, Introduction Capital provides qualified introductions of sophisticated capital to our selection of investment managers and private opportunities. Introduction Capital uses focused qualitative analysis to elevate individuals and management teams in order for them to achieve the optimal level of excellence required to attract capital.
Both the stock and bond markets are a part of the capital markets. Any government or corporation requires capital (funds) to finance its operations and to engage in its own long-term investments. To acquire these funds, a company raises money through the sale of securities - stocks and bonds in the company's name. For example, when a company conducts an initial public offering ( IPO ), it is tapping the investing public for capital and is therefore using the capital markets. When a country's government issues Treasury bonds in the bond market to fund its spending initiatives, it is also using the capital markets. (Read more about initial public offerings in Top IPO Nations and The Biggest IPO Flops .)
When companies and governments sell securities, they do so in the primary market. When investors trade these securities on exchanges and over the counter, it's called the secondary market. Thus, both the primary and secondary markets for stocks and bonds make up the capital markets. The capital markets are extensively regulated; in the United States this regulator is the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
In this section, we'll examine the factors that affect stock and bond returns, the history of these markets, how they have performed and what influences performance.